ARTICLES

Original Article

Prevalence, Clinical Features and Comorbidities of Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders Among Patients Admitted to Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic

Habib Erensoy,Tonguç Demir Berkol,Yasin Hasan Balcıoğlu,Hasan Mervan Aytaç
2020, 4(1), s:5-15

Objective: Comorbidity of substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders is common. However, data on the prevalence of substance use disorders in general psychiatric outpatient population is rather scarce.

Method: In order to investigate the prevalence of substance use disorders among the patients who admitted to the general psychiatric outpatient unit and followed with any psychiatric diagnosis, 734 consecutive adult patients were included in this study. Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test–AD was administered to these patients. Substance screening form and SCID-I dependence module were administered to 47 patients (6.4%) who had a MAST-AD score above 4. Later, SCID-II and the rest of SCID-I were administered to 33 patients (4.5%) who met any diagnostic criteria on this module.

Results: From these 734 patients, 33 (4.5%) had alcohol or substance use disorder: Five patients (0.7%) had alcohol dependence, 26 patients (3.5%) had alcohol abuse and 3 patients  (0.4%) had multiple substance dependence. There were 9 patients (1.2%) with cannabis abuse, 4 patients (0.5%) with ecstasy abuse, 1 patient (0.1%) with heroin abuse, 1 patient with (0.1%) biperiden abuse and 9 patients (1.2%) with benzodiazepin abuse. From this 33 patients, 7 (1.0%) patients were diagnosed with borderline personality disorder, 2 (0.3%) with antisocial personality disorder, 1 patient (0.1%) with paranoid personality disorder, 1 patient (0.1%) with narcissistic personality disorder, 2 patients (0.3%) with avoidant personality disorder, 1 patient (0.1%) with schizoid personality disorder and 1 patient (0.1%) with dependent personality disorder. With SCID-I, we found 5 (0.7%) major depressive disorder, 3 (0.4%) bipolar I, 1  (0.1%) distimic disorder, 2 (0.3%) paranoid schizophrenia, 1 (0.1%) delusional disorder, 3 (0.4%) generalized anxiety disorder, 3 (0.4%) panic disorder, 1 (0.1%) panic disorder with agoraphobia, 1 (0.1%) anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, 1 (0.1%) social phobia and 1  (0.1%) post-traumatic stress disorder.

Conclusion: These results suggest that substance use disorders are not prevalent among general psychiatric outpatients. Substance use disorders should be carefully assessed in patients with diagnoses of mood disorders, anxiety disorders or personality disorders.


Mini - Review

Tijen Şengezer
2019, 3(2), s:49-82

DOI : .


Review Article

e-Sport and Health

Rüstem Mustafaoğlu
2019, 3(1), s:5-10

e-Sports become a part of our modern sport as it has entered our agenda in recent years, its popularity has increased rapidly and its mass of followers consists of young generation has reached a huge budget. In this review, the definition of e-Sport, historical development process, place in the world and our country, the spiritual and physical positive and negative effects on the individuals has been mentioned. Finally, it was mentioned about ergonomic changes and practical exercise suggestions to prevent possible musculoskeletal problems in e-Sport players. Scientific studies about e-Sports in Turkey is limited compared to other countries. With this study, it is aimed to eliminate the lack of Turkish resources related to this field which is developing day by day, to share the findings with the related health professionals and to contribute to the literature.


Original Article

Comparison of the Attachment Styles of Cigarette Smokers and Nonsmokers

Beyza Yaz,Hüseyin Ünübol,Gökben Hızlı Sayar
2019, 3(1), s:11-15

Aim: This study aimed to compare the attachment styles of smokers and nonsmokers.

Methods:  2800 individuals who participated in the study were given sociodemographic form and  “Experiences in Close Relationships Scale”.

Results: Younger ages, male sex, low educational levels found to be related to smoking status. However smoking status or the number of daily smoked cigarettes not found to be related to attachment style.

Conclusion: According to the results of the study, attachment styles were not significantly different according to smoking status. The results of this study suggest that the other comorbid psychopathologies might be a more important risk factor than attachment style in smoking.


Original Article

THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG NOMOPHOBIA, FEAR OF MISSING OUT AND DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES: EXAMPLE OF THE HEALTHCARE MANAGER CANDIDATES

Haydar Hoşgör,Derya Gündüz Hoşgör
2019, 3(1), s:16-24

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of the fear of missing out on the nomophobia, and to determine whether differences between these variables and demographic features.

Method: In accordance with this purpose, the students who were studying at the Department of Health Management in 2017-2018 autumn semester at universities in Istanbul were included in this study and data of  273 respondent were evaluated. Personal information form and FoMO and Nomophobia scales were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics, t-test, correlation and regression analyses were used in the data analysis.

Results: According to the analysis outcomes, the levels of nomophobia and FoMO of the students are above average. The results of the study demonstrate that there is a significant relation at a moderate level and positive direct relationship between nomophobia and fear of missing out, as well as the fear of missing out explains 30% of nomophobia. Also, the results show that there are statistically significant differences between students’ levels of nomophobia and fear of missing out, and their demographic features. Moreover, these differences are stem from students who control his smartphone at least 33 times a day, carry a continuous charger, control his smartphone as soon as waking up, connect to the social media via the smartphone.

Conclusion: It has been concluded that for future healthcare manager candidates, the fear of missing out on social networks is a predictor of nomophobia, also known as the fear of being deprived of the smartphone.


Review Article

Smartphone Addiction

Sever Yıldırım,Türker Tekin Ergüzel,Gökben Hızlı Sayar
2019, 3(1), s:25-30

Nowadays most of the young generation use internet intensively. These individuals are constantly online thanks to their smart phones. Since internet has a usage area that is so wide and smart phones give their users very easy access to it, many people feel desire to use smart phones. Smart phones come in many different price ranges and they are accessible for every consumer type. Many advertisements are being made to spread internet usage and make it a regular thing of everyday life. Also, smart phone companies produce more affordable phones. Smart phones make possible many useful tasks on internet for their users, such as; banking transactions, grocery shopping, watching movies and reading newspapers. Smart phones make everyday life easier and they make computer tasks without the need of using a computer; which also saves time. Purpose of this review is to overview the current situation about smart phone addiction and discuss the causes and results of this addiction.


Review Article

Sociology of Consumption: A Study on Technology Addiction

Aybüke Kaplan
2019, 3(1), s:31-41

Technological development and diversification of products offered to the consumer and make them attractive cause some problems. The main reason for these problems is the inability to control the product life. Uncontrolled use of technology leads to many behavioral addictions. Technology addiction, which is accepted as a sub-dimension in behavioral addiction, is a prominent problem in this process. It has been found that people’s increasing dependence on technology changes individuals identity and, moreover, their consumption preferences. In adolescence, more dominant individuals can express themselves while expressing materialist attitude. Therefore, it is thought that the way individuals express themselves in the community is indexed to the goods they consume. For example, the element that is the main determinant of many personal oriented preference perceptions, such as the preferred phone brand and the features of the computer, is focused on what the individual consumes or adopts.  In this article, the reason of the intense demand of individuals for the need created for media and communication tools and technological products is explained. In addition, technology dependence is examined from a sociological point of view in this context in which ostentatious consumption manifests itself today.


Original Article

The Prevalence of Violence and Violent Characteristics in Alcohol and Drug Abusers Compared with Controls

Ayşegül Tosuner,Zehra Arıkan
2018, 2(2), s:39-46

Objective: To identify the prevalence of violence in alcohol and drug abusers and a control group; to determine the relationship between violent behavior and impulsivity, anger, aggression, traumatic childhood experiences and indicate whether prevalence of violence differs between periods of deprivation, soberness and while under the influence of alcohol/drugs.

Method: 49 alcohol abusers and 31 drug abusers aged 15-65 years were compared among themselves and also with 62 healthy controls; using a questionnaire including questions related with sociodemographic characteristics of violence, the Buss-Perry Aggression Scale, Barratt Impulsivity Scale, the State-Trait Anger Scale, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Hamilton Depression Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.

Results: The prevalence of psychological violence was 85%, physical violence 54%, sexual violence 6% and economic violence 10%. Significant differences were found in most of the variables among the groups, which were thought to be related to violent behavior.

Conclusion: In addition to medical treatment for addiction, psychotherapeutic interventions focusing on personality traits in areas such as anger control and impulsivity should be adopted. The fact that violence decreases in sober periods indicates that violence is rather a result of the nature of the substance.


Original Article

Predictors for Fear of Missing Out in the Social Networks Among University Students

Çağrı Yalçın Çınar,Elif Mutlu
2018, 2(2), s:47-53

Objective: Social networks have become indispensable of our lives with the spread of the internet. The increase of time spent on social networks led to appear a new consept of fear of missing out. The purpose of this research was to determine predictors for Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) among university students.

Method: The sample of the research was 400 Kırklareli university students who were determined by random sampling method. The data was collected using personal information form, Life Satisfaction Scale, BAPI Internet Form, FoMO Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Five Factor Personality Scale and Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale. SPSS Statistical Software package was used in the analysis of the data.

Results: As a result of research, Fear of Missing Out was found to be higher among students who also find lessons boring and check social media hourly especially in during the course who have low self-esteemand in the first grade. Inaddition, it was determined that internet addiction,neurotic features, attention deficit and hyperactivity have positively associated with FoMO.

Conclusion:Internet addiction, impulsivity and neurotic features are determined as influential factors in the emergence of FoMO.


Review Article

Food Addiction

Ali Yasin Kafes,Selami Ülker,Gökben Hızlı Sayar
2018, 2(2), s:54-58

Food addiction has become a subject of increasing interest recently, particularly in societies where the prevalence of obesity is increasing. In individuals consuming excessive carbohydrates, it is suggested that the behavior of consuming these foods is transformed into a kind of addiction, and it is reported that the attitudes observed in these individuals can be common with the basic symptoms that are constantly observed in substance addiction. The suggested dysfunction of reward system which proposed to be related with food addiction tried to be supported by clinical and experimental studies. In this review, food addiction will be defined, and clinical overlaps, probable etiologic factors and treatment options will be discussed.